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Measurement of the Sixth-Order Cumulant of Net-Proton Multiplicity Distributions in Au plus Au Collisions at root S-NN=27, 54.4, and 200 GeV at RHIC
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Corresponding AuthorAbdallah, M. S.()
2021-12-20
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
ISSN0031-9007
Volume127Issue:26Pages:7
AbstractAccording to first-principle lattice QCD calculations, the transition from quark-gluon plasma to hadronic matter is a smooth crossover in the region mu(B) <= T-c. In this range the ratio, C-6/C-2, of net-baryon distributions are predicted to be negative. In this Letter, we report the first measurement of the midrapidity net-proton C-6/C-2 from 27, 54.4, and 200 GeV Au + Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The dependence on collision centrality and kinematic acceptance in (p(T) , y) are analyzed. While for 27 and 54.4 GeV collisions the C-6/C-2 values are close to zero within uncertainties, it is observed that for 200 GeV collisions, the C-6/C-2 ratio becomes progressively negative from peripheral to central collisions. Transport model calculations without critical dynamics predict mostly positive values except for the most central collisions within uncertainties. These observations seem to favor a smooth crossover in the high-energy nuclear collisions at top RHIC energy.
DOI10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.262301
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNERSC Center at LBNL ; Open Science Grid consortium ; Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. DOE Office of Science ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Academy of Science ; Ministry of Science and Technology of China ; Chinese Ministry of Education ; Higher Education Sprout Project by Ministry of Education at NCKU ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Czech Science Foundation ; Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic ; Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office ; New National Excellency Programme of the Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities ; Department of Atomic Energy ; Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India ; National Science Centre of Poland ; Ministry of Science, Education and Sportsof the Republic of Croatia ; RosAtom of Russia ; German Bundesministerium fur Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung and Technologie (BMBF) ; Helmholtz Association ; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; RHIC Operations Group ; RCF at BNL
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS KeywordORDER
WOS SubjectPhysics, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000738101000001
PublisherAMER PHYSICAL SOC
Funding OrganizationNERSC Center at LBNL ; Open Science Grid consortium ; Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. DOE Office of Science ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Academy of Science ; Ministry of Science and Technology of China ; Chinese Ministry of Education ; Higher Education Sprout Project by Ministry of Education at NCKU ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Czech Science Foundation ; Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic ; Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office ; New National Excellency Programme of the Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities ; Department of Atomic Energy ; Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India ; National Science Centre of Poland ; Ministry of Science, Education and Sportsof the Republic of Croatia ; RosAtom of Russia ; German Bundesministerium fur Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung and Technologie (BMBF) ; Helmholtz Association ; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; RHIC Operations Group ; RCF at BNL
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://119.78.100.186/handle/113462/142466
Collection中国科学院近代物理研究所
Corresponding AuthorAbdallah, M. S.
Affiliation1.Abilene Christian Univ, Abilene, TX 79699 USA
2.AGH Univ Sci & Technol, FPACS, PL-30059 Krakow, Poland
3.NRC Kurchatov Inst, Alikhanov Inst Theoret & Expt Phys, Moscow 117218, Russia
4.Argonne Natl Lab, Argonne, IL 60439 USA
5.Amer Univ Cairo, New Cairo 11835, Egypt
6.Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA
7.Univ Calif Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
8.Univ Calif Davis, Davis, CA 95616 USA
9.Univ Calif Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA
10.Univ Calif Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521 USA
11.Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China
12.Univ Illinois, Chicago, IL 60607 USA
13.Creighton Univ, Omaha, NE 68178 USA
14.Czech Tech Univ, FNSPE, Prague 11519, Czech Republic
15.Tech Univ Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany
16.Eotvos Lorand Univ, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
17.Frankfurt Inst Adv Studies FIAS, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
18.Fudan Univ, Shanghai 200433, Peoples R China
19.Heidelberg Univ, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
20.Univ Houston, Houston, TX 77204 USA
21.Huzhou Univ, Huzhou 313000, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
22.Indian Inst Sci Educ & Res IISER, Berhampur 760010, India
23.Indian Inst Sci Educ & Res IISER Tirupati, Tirupati 517507, Andhra Pradesh, India
24.Indian Inst Technol, Patna 801106, Bihar, India
25.Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47408 USA
26.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Modern Phys, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
27.Univ Jammu, Jammu 180001, Jammu & Kashmir, India
28.Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Russia
29.Kent State Univ, Kent, OH 44242 USA
30.Univ Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 USA
31.Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
32.Lehigh Univ, Bethlehem, PA 18015 USA
33.Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, D-80805 Munich, Germany
34.Michigan State Univ, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA
35.Natl Res Nucl Univ MEPhI, Moscow 115409, Russia
36.HBNI, Natl Inst Sci Educ & Res, Jatni 752050, India
37.Natl Cheng Kung Univ, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
38.CAS, Nucl Phys Inst, Rez 25068, Czech Republic
39.Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
40.Inst Nucl Phys PAN, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland
41.Panjab Univ, Chandigarh 160014, India
42.Penn State Univ, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
43.NRC Kurchatov Inst, Inst High Energy Phys, Protvino 142281, Russia
44.Purdue Univ, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA
45.Rice Univ, Houston, TX 77251 USA
46.Rutgers State Univ, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA
47.Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05314970 Sao Paulo, Brazil
48.Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China
49.Shandong Univ, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China
50.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Inst Appl Phys, Shanghai 201800, Peoples R China
51.Southern Connecticut State Univ, New Haven, CT 06515 USA
52.SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA
53.Univ Tarapaca, Inst Alta Invest, Arica 1000000, Chile
54.Temple Univ, Philadelphia, PA 19122 USA
55.Texas A&M Univ, College Stn, TX 77843 USA
56.Univ Texas Austin, Austin, TX 78712 USA
57.Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
58.Univ Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058571, Japan
59.Valparaiso Univ, Valparaiso, IN 46383 USA
60.Variable Energy Cyclotron Ctr, Kolkata 700064, India
61.Warsaw Univ Technol, PL-00661 Warsaw, Poland
62.Wayne State Univ, Detroit, MI 48201 USA
63.Yale Univ, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Abdallah, M. S.,Adam, J.,Adamczyk, L.,et al. Measurement of the Sixth-Order Cumulant of Net-Proton Multiplicity Distributions in Au plus Au Collisions at root S-NN=27, 54.4, and 200 GeV at RHIC[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS,2021,127(26):7.
APA Abdallah, M. S..,Adam, J..,Adamczyk, L..,Adams, J. R..,Adkins, J. K..,...&Zyzak, M..(2021).Measurement of the Sixth-Order Cumulant of Net-Proton Multiplicity Distributions in Au plus Au Collisions at root S-NN=27, 54.4, and 200 GeV at RHIC.PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS,127(26),7.
MLA Abdallah, M. S.,et al."Measurement of the Sixth-Order Cumulant of Net-Proton Multiplicity Distributions in Au plus Au Collisions at root S-NN=27, 54.4, and 200 GeV at RHIC".PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 127.26(2021):7.
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